International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences
    ISSN 0975-6299

Int J Pharm Bio Sci Volume 12 Issue 3, 2021 (July-September), Pages:63-69

Avian Diversity at Gangasandra Pond of Tumkur District, Karnataka.

Asiya Nuzhat F.B. and Suraj R.

Birds are the most beautiful creatures of nature grouped under the class aves. Their diverse coloration, melodious calls, unique appereance and behaviour has always fascinated and attracted the mankind. These winged vertebrates are successful in leading an aerial lifestyle. Birds are the important species associated with the assessment of the environment, as their presence and absence indicates the status of their surroundings. The Indian Subcontinent serves as a hotspot to the diverse and rich bird species. As the avian population at different habitats depicts the community structure and importance of the landscapes, hence a study on avian species was conducted at Gangasandra Pond of Tumkur district Karnataka. The aim of the present study was to determine the diversity of avifauna present at the Gangasandra Pond by following the direct count method. This study resulted, 55 species of birds belonging to 27 families during the study period of 3 months in the study area. Among the total species identified, 28 species were resident, 10 were resident migratory and 17 species was migratory in their status. The members of avian community at the study area showed different food habit such as 15 species were Piscivorous, 14 were Omnivorous, 10 Insectivorous, 6 Carnivorous, 5 Frugivorous, 4 Granivorous and 1 species was Nectarivorous, respectively. From the study it is inferred that the avifauna is largely attracted towards the Gangasandra Pond, which is mainly due to the availablity of food and water resources, sites for roosting, nesting and breeding, along with less anthropogenic interference. Thus, steps need to be taken to maintain this good health of the wetland to conserve the avifaunal population present at the study area.

Keywords: Avifauna, Diversity, Direct Count, Gangasandra Pond, Tumkur District.
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